top of page
Graphic Stripes


  • An overview of IATF 16949

  • What is IATF 16949:2016?

  • What is the Meaning of IATF?

  • Benefits of IATF

  • Major changes in IATF

  • Clauses in IATF

An overview of IATF 16949

The IATF 16949:2016 standard (which replaces ISO/TS 16949:2009) lays out the specifications for a Quality Management System (QMS), primarily for the automobile industry. The ISO/TS 16949 was first developed in 1999 to standardise various evaluation and certification programmes around the world in the automobile industry supply chain. The establishment of a Quality Management System that allows for continuous improvement, stressing defect avoidance and the elimination of variance and waste in the supply chain, is the main objective of the IATF 16949 standard. The standard specifies the QMS standards for automotive production, service, and/or accessory parts, in conjunction with any applicable Customer-Specific Requirements (CSRs).

The structure and standards of ISO 9001:2015 are completely harmonised with the independent QMS standard IATF 16949:2016. As a result, the IATF 16949 must be used in addition to and in connection with ISO 9001:2015 rather than being implemented independently as a stand-alone document.

By October 1, 2017, enterprises must switch to the new IATF 16949 in accordance with their current audit cycle and the allowed timing requirements. Audits to ISO/TS 16949 are no longer permitted. The organisation must restart with an initial certification audit if the audit is not completed within the permitted time frame. A recertification audit's time allotment plus additional time for a documentation review will make up the transition audit's duration. The transition procedure must encompass any auxiliary tasks performed locally or remotely.

The IATF 16949 Quality Management System

• Is a technique for outlining how a company can satisfy the needs of its clients and other partners.

• Encourages the concept of ongoing improvement

• Demands that organisations set goals and continuously enhance their operations in order to achieve them.

• Places a focus on defect avoidance

• Contains particular specifications and core tools from the automotive sector

  • Encourages the reduction of variation and waste in the supply chain.

  • Demands that corporate accountability policies be outlined and put into place

What is IATF 16949:2016?

  • The IATF 16949 standard offers direction and tools for businesses and organisations who want to make sure that their goods continually satisfy customers' needs and that both quality and customer satisfaction are elevated. In the 2016 Revision 5 of the guidelines for obtaining and preserving IATF accreditation, requirements for certification to IATF 16949 are specified.

  • The IATF 16949 standard is used in addition to the ISO standards as a supplementary standard:

  • IATF 16949- The Automotive Supplemental Requirements of a Quality Management System

  • ISO 9001- The fundamental criteria for a quality management system are outlined

  • ISO 9000 - discusses the fundamental ideas and terminology.

  • ISO 9004 concentrates on improving the effectiveness and efficiency of a quality management system.

  • ISO 19011 - offers instructions for both internal and external quality management system audits.

  • ISO 31000- The risk management concepts and guidelines are outlined

  • The specifications for an automotive-based QMS that strives for third-party registration are laid out in the IATF 16949 standard. Any supplier, big or small, can use it, and the entire car supply chain should implement it. In actuality, more than 65,000 suppliers are presently ISO/TS 16949 certified globally. Unless suppliers do not provide functions linked to product design, all IATF 16949 requirements are applicable. The requirements are general in nature and are meant to apply to any supplier producing design and development, manufacturing, assembly, installation, and, when necessary, services for products connected to the automotive industry, including products with embedded software. Sites of the organisation where manufacturing of customer-specified production parts, support parts, and/or accessory parts takes place must comply with the IATF 16949 standard.

  • Seven Quality Management Principles, including a strong customer emphasis, top management involvement and motivation, the process method, and continuous improvement, form the foundation of the standard.

The following is a definition of these Quality Management Principles:

1. Customer Focus

2. Leadership

3. People engagement

4. Process strategy

5. Improvement

6. Using data to guide decisions

7. Relationship administration

Benefits of IATF 16949 Certification

Because of its close relationship with ISO 9001, certification to IATF 16949 generates all of the same benefits, like increases in cost savings, efficiencies and waste reductions. But having an IATF certification has certain unique benefits of its own. IATF 16949 certification has advantages that include improvements.

For automotive suppliers ready to make the required investment, ATF certification has many benefits. IATF 16949 certification has advantages for the automotive sector in seven key areas:

  1. Credibility

  2. Global Impact

  3. Customer satisfaction

  4. Process integration

  5. Evidence-based decision making

  6. Continual improvement culture

  7. Employee engagement

Credibility: - Obtaining IATF 16949 accreditation shows that your business is dedicated to running a quality management system that complies with well-known and generally recognised standards. IATF certification is an indication that your business is committed to meeting customer demands for high-quality, defect-free products, according to procurement buyers for car manufacturers.

Global Impact:- As a global standard, IATF 16949, certification to this automotive quality standard expands your customer base to businesses around the globe.

Customer satisfaction: - One of the fundamental principles of obtaining this automotive manufacturing certification is enhancing customer happiness.

Customers who are content and pleased frequently purchase from you again, greatly enhancing your revenue.

Process integration:- IATF certification offers great advantages as you integrate systematic processes, look for ways to reduce duplication, and find ways to boost efficiency thanks to its dedicated process strategy. Processes that are more tightly integrated can reduce costs across your entire business.

Evidence-based decision making: - Managers can no longer depend on their gut instinct when making decisions thanks to IATF 16949 certification. As managers have the information needed to create policies and operational processes, decision-making improves naturally.

Continual improvement culture: - One of the defining characteristics of IATF 16949 is constant development. The logical results of focusing on continuous development in organisational processes and output are cost and efficiency savings. For many years to come, a mind-set of constant improvement will be profitable.

Employee Engagement: - Employee engagement actually affects how well a business performs. They are aware of their responsibilities and are aware of where to find the knowledge they need to carry them out. They are in the best position to identify the areas that require improvement as well as to test and execute the necessary adjustments.

Major changes in IATF

The new international industry standard IATF 16949:2016 was released by the International Automotive Task Force (IATF). The new standard for quality management in the automobile industry, this standard replaces ISO/TS 16949:2009.

IATF 16949:2016 is an evolution of its predecessor, ISO/TS 16949:2009, and it was created with input from many industry groups, including those in the Automotive Industry Action Group (OEMs, auditors, certification bodies, etc.). (AIAG).

The improvements of this new standard offer solutions to current issues and concerns in the industry because the automobile industry has evolved over the past few years due to numerous technology advancements and an increase in safety concerns. Among the most significant modifications are:

  • Risk management and safety

  • Customer-specific requirements

  • Product traceability

  • Warranty management

Risk Management and Safety

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has released a new version of its quality management standard, IATF 16949:2016. This document was designed to support the needs of an evolving industry and provide guidance on the prevention of risks in order to enhance quality and safety. One important goal of this revision is to help organizations improve their processes so that they can better manage risk across all phases in the product lifecycle. The update also includes specific requirements to address risk management which are

Customer-specific requirements

Customer Specific Requirement (CSR) is a type of customer requirement that may be specific to the needs and circumstances of one or more customers. Customer Specific Requirements are often those which cannot be fulfilled by all customers but must meet the unique requirements of each individual customer.

It is important to distinguish between CSRs and standard customer requirements, so as not to confuse them with each other in a document or process. A good way to differentiate between these two types of requirements is by adding "

Product traceability

IATF 16949:2016 is an international standard that is a requirement for all manufacturers and suppliers of products. This includes not only the development and production, but also the distribution and sale of these products. To support regulatory developments that are relevant to this business, such as enhanced standards for product safety, IATF 16949:2016 enhances the traceability requirements for products.

Industry regulation has tightened its grip over companies in recent years. The cost-saving measures implemented by most corporations have led.

Warranty management

Warranty management is a process that deals with all aspects of a product warranty. It includes procedures to address the No Trouble Found (NTF) for which there are no repairs or replacements, and instructions on how to deal with situations when customers have complaints about products outside of their warranties.

The NTF is an important part of the warranty management process as it addresses scenarios in which something has gone wrong but there are no troubleshooting actions that can be taken by customer support agents. To remember the most important thing, it's best to stay consistent with your methods of correcting an issue.

Changes in Clause-

Section Number

Current Standard Sections

Proposed Standard Sections

Section 1:



Section 2:

Normative Reference

Normative Reference

Section 3:

Terms and Definitions

Terms and Definitions

Section 4:

General Requirements

Context of the Organization

Section 5:

Management Responsibility


Section 6:

Resource Management


Section 7:

Product Realization


Section 8:

Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement


Section 9:

Performance Evaluation

Section 10:


How Many Clauses in IATF 16949:2016

The International Automotive Task Force is referred to as IATF. The Automotive Quality Management System Standard, or Automotive QMS standard, is IATF 16949. The IATF 16949:2016 standard has ten clauses in total. The background of the standard is given in clauses 1 through 3, while the requirements for an automobile quality management system are given in clauses 4 through 10.

The IATF 16949 standard must be understood as an addition to and utilised in conjunction with ISO 9001:2015 rather than being considered a stand-alone quality management system standard.

IATF Clause 1: Scope

1.1 Scope-automotive supplemental to ISO 9001:2015

IATF Clause 2: Normative References

IATF Clause 3: Terms and Definitions


Clauses 4 through 10 of the IATF 16949 standard are required to be followed.

. All these clauses are arranged according to the PDCA model.

IATF Clause 4: Context of the Organization

  • 4.1 Understanding the organization and its context.

  • 4.2 Understanding the needs and expectations of interested parties.

  • 4.3 Determining the scope of the quality management system.

    • 4.3.1 Determining the scope of the quality management system-supplemental.

    • 4.3.2 Customer-specific-requirements.

  • 4.4 Quality management system & its processes.

    • 4.4.1 (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Conformance of products & processes

    • Product safety

    • 4.4.2 (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

IATF Clause 5: Leadership

  • 5.1 Leadership and commitment

    • 5.1.1 General

    • Corporate responsibility

    • Process effectiveness & efficiency.

    • Process owners

    • 5.1.2 Customer focus

  • 5.2 Policy

    • 5.2.1 Establishing the Quality Policy.

    • 5.2.2 Communicating the Quality Policy.

  • 5.3 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities.

    • 5.3.1 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities-supplemental.

    • 5.3.2 Responsibilities and authorities for product requirements and corrective actions.

IATF Clause 6: Planning

  • 6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities

    • 6.1.1 (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 6.1.2 (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Risk analysis

    • Preventive actions

    • Contingency plans

  • 6.2 Quality objectives and planning to achieve them

    • 6.2.1 (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 6.2.2 (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Quality objectives and planning to achieve them – supplemental.

  • 6.3 Planning of changes

IATF Clause 7: Support

  • 7.1 Resources

    • 7.1.1 General (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 7.1.2 People (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 7.1.3 Infrastructure (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Plant, facility, & equipment planning

    • 7.1.4 Environment for the operation of processes (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Environment for the operation of processes-supplemental

    • 7.1.5 Monitoring & measuring resources

    • General (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Measurement traceability (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Calibration/verification records

    • Laboratory requirements

    • Internal laboratory

    • External laboratory

    • 7.1.6 Organizational knowledge (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

  • 7.2 Competence (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 7.2.1 Competence – supplemental

    • 7.2.2 Competence – on the job training (OJT)

    • 7.2.3 Internal auditor competency

    • 7.2.4 Second party auditor competency

  • 7.3 Awareness (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 7.3.1 Awareness – supplemental

    • 7.3.2 Employee motivation & empowerment

  • 7.4 Communication (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

  • 7.5 Documented information

    • 7.5.1 General (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Quality management system documentation

    • 7.5.2 Creating & updating (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 7.5.3 Control of documented information

    • & (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Record retention

    • Engineering specifications

IATF Clause 8: Operation

  • 8.1 Operational planning and control (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 8.1.1 Operational planning and control – supplemental

    • 8.1.2 Confidentiality

  • 8.2 Requirements for products & services

    • 8.2.1 Customer communication (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Customer communication – Supplemental

    • 8.2.2 Determine the requirements for products & services (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Determine the requirements for products & services – Supplemental

    • 8.2.3 Review of the requirements for products & services

    • (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Review of the requirements for products & services – Supplemental

    • Customer-designated special characteristics

    • Organization manufacturing feasibility

    • (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 8.2.4 Changes to requirements for products & services

  • 8.3 Design & development of products & services

  • 8.3.1 General (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Design & development of products & services – supplemental

    • 8.3.2 Design & development planning (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Design & development planning – supplemental

    • Product design skills

    • Development of products with embedded software

    • 8.3.3 Design & development Inputs (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Product design input

    • Manufacturing process design input

    • Special characteristics

    • 8.3.4 Design & development Control (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Monitoring

    • Design & development validation

    • Prototype programme (see also ISO 9001:2015, clause section 8.4)

    • Product approval process

    • 8.3.5 Design & development Outputs (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Design & development outputs – supplemental

    • Manufacturing process design output

    • 8.3.6 Design & development Changes (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Design & development changes – supplemental

  • 8.4 Control of externally provided processes, products and services

    • 8.4.1 General (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • General – supplemental

    • Supplier selection process

    • Customer-directed sources (also known as “Directed-Buy”)

    • 8.4.2 Type & extent of control (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Type & extent of control-supplemental

    • Statutory and regulatory requirements

    • Supplier quality management system development

    • Automotive product related software or automotive products with embedded software

    • Supplier monitoring

    • Supplier development

    • 8.4.3 Information for external providers (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Information for external providers – supplemental

  • 8.5 Production and service provision

    • 8.5.1 Control of production and service provision(See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Control Plan

    • Standardized work – operator instructions and visual standards

    • Verification of job set-ups

    • Verification after shutdown

    • Total productive maintenance

    • Management of production tooling and manufacturing test, inspection and equipment Production scheduling

    • 8.5.2 Identification and traceability (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Identification and traceability – supplemental

    • 8.5.3 Property belonging to customer or external providers (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 8.5.4 Preservation (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 8.5.5 Post-delivery activities(See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Feedback of information from service

    • Service agreement with customer

    • 8.5.6 Control of changes (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Control of changes – supplemental

    • Temporary change of process controls

  • 8.6 Release of products and services (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 8.6.1 Release of products and services – supplemental

    • 8.6.2 Layout inspection and functional testing

    • 8.6.3 Appearance items

    • 8.6.4 Verification and acceptance of conformity of externally provided products and services

    • 8.6.5 Statutory and regulatory conformity

    • 8.6.6 Acceptance criteria (refer section also)

  • 8.7 Control of nonconforming outputs

    • 8.7.1 (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Customer authorization for concession

    • Control of nonconformity products – customer specific process

    • Control of suspect product

    • Control of reworked product

    • Control of repaired product

    • Customer notification

    • Nonconforming product disposition

    • 8.7.2 See ISO 9001:2015 requirement

IATF Clause 9: Performance Evaluation

  • 9.1 Monitoring, measurement, analysis and evaluation

    • 9.1.1 General (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Monitoring & measurement of manufacturing processes

    • Identification of statistical tools

    • Application of statistical concepts

    • 9.1.2 Customer satisfaction (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Customer satisfaction- supplemental

  • 9.2 Internal audit

  • 9.3 Management review

    • 9.3.1 General (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Management review – supplemental

    • 9.3.2 Management review inputs

    • Management review inputs – supplemental

    • 9.3.3 Management review outputs (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • Management review outputs –supplemental

IATF Clause 10: Improvement

  • 10.1 General (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

  • 10.2 Nonconformity and corrective action

    • 10.2.1 & 10.2.2 See ISO 9001:2015 requirements

    • 10.2.3 Problem solving

    • 10.2.5 Warranty management systems

    • 10.2.6 Customer complaints and field failure test analysis

  • 10.3 Continual improvement (See ISO 9001:2015 requirements)

    • 10.3.1 Continual improvement – supplemental

273 views0 comments


bottom of page